The charts below give information on the ages of the populations of Yemen and Italy in 2000 and projections for 2050.
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 3 Writing Task 1.
The pie charts display age distributions for Yemen and Italy in 2000 and predictions for 2050.
Overall, while both countries’ populations are forecast to age, that of Yemen will continue to be younger than that of Italy.
About half of Yemen’s population was under the age of 14; however, this proportion is projected to decline significantly to 37.0 percent. The proportion of those aged 15-59, in comparison, is anticipated to increase roughly 10 percentage points to just over 57 percent in 2050, making this group the largest that year. The proportion of those over 60 is also forecast to climb, to 5.7 percent.
Moving on to Italy, around a quarter of its population was already in the highest age bracket, and this figure is projected to rise dramatically to 42.3 percent. Those in the lowest age group, by contrast, only accounted for a small proportion of Italy’s population, at 14.3 percent; this number is estimated to drop even further, to only 11.5 percent. The proportion of 15- to 59-year-olds is also expected to experience a fall, from 61.6 to 46.2 percent.
How To Write the Overview
It would be too detailed if we describe the individual trend of each age group. Instead, look at the bigger picture. What are the overall trends? Will they get younger or older (the red part in the essay)? Apart from the trends, we also need to compare the two countries. Ask yourself which country had and will have an older population (the blue part).
How To Vary Your Language
- those uder 14
- the youngest/lowest age group
- the youngest/lowest age bracket
- the 15-59 age group/bracket
- those aged 15-59
- 15- to 59-year-olds
- the oldest/highest age group
- the oldest/highest age bracket
- the over-60s
- those over 60
The population is expected/forecast/anticipated/projected/predicted/estimated to become older.