The Three Pie Charts Below Show the Changes in Annual Spending

The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending by a particular UK school in 1981, 1991 and 2001.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 2 Writing Task 1.

the three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending

Sample Essay

The pie charts display yearly expenditure by a certain school in the UK  in 1981, 1991 and 2001.

Overall, while teachers’ salaries remained the school’s greatest cost, furniture and equipment overtook other workers’ salaries as the second-largest expenditure by 2001.

Teachers’ salaries were what cost the school the most in all three years, accounting for 40%, 50%, and 45% of total spending respectively. The school spent the second largest proportion of its expenditure on other workers’ salaries in both 1981 and 1991, at 28% and 22% respectively. However, this proportion decreased to only 15% in 2001. Although spending on furniture and equipment dropped from 15% to 5% between 1981 and 1991, it went up sharply in 2001 and replaced other workers’ salaries as the second greatest expenditure that year, at 23%.

15% of the school’s expenditure was on resources in 1981. After a small growth in 1991, the figure decreased to only 9% in 2001. Despite increases, insurance received the smallest share of expenditure in all three years, at 2%, 3%, and 8% respectively.

174 Words

How to Write the Overview

I think when it comes to pie charts, bigger slices are always more noticeable than upward and downward trends. That’s why I picked the two biggest categories in each of the three years as the main features of the charts.

How to Paraphrase the Chart Description

The Original: The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending by a particular UK school in 1981, 1991 and 2001.

“Changes in” is wrong. The charts, when read together, show changes, but the changes shown are between 1981 and 1991, between 1991 and 2001, and between 1981 and 2001. There is no change in 1981.  It would be far better to remove the word “changes” and just say that the charts show yearly expenditure in these three years.

3 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. “Overall, while teachers’ salaries remained the school’s greatest cost, furniture and equipment overtook other workers’ salaries as the second-largest expenditure by 2002.”
    It is 2001, isn’t it?

  2. The pie charts provide information about changes in costs of a school in the United Kingdom over the period of 20 years.

    From an overall perspective, it is noticeable that the expenditure on teachers’ salaries contributed to a tremendous proportion while that on insurance was the smallest part of total spending throughout the years.

    First of all, teachers’ salaries as the most significant segment dramatically rose from 40% to 50% in 1991, but then it inched downwards by 5% in 2001. The school spent lesser proportion of the expenditure on furnishture and equipment from 1981 to 1991 as the figure declined by 10%. However, it had a drastic growth in 2001, made up 23% in 2001. Although costs on insurance was the least important part of the spending, its figure ascended by 6%.

    Other workers’ salaries, which comprised more than a quarter of the total school spending in 1981, gradually fell to 22% and 15% in 1991 and 2001. For resources like books and stationaries, the figure at 15% was climbing upwards in 1991 and experienced a immense reduction in 2001, accounted for 20% and 9% respectively.

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