This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 16 Test 1 Writing Task 1.
The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Percentage of households with electrical appliances
Number of hours of housework per week,
per household (1920-2019)
The first graph displays the percentages of households that owned electrical appliances in one country between 1920 and 2019, while the second graph illustrates how much time households in that country spent doing housework during the same period.
Overall, ownership of all three appliances increased during this period, with that of refrigerators having the greatest growth. At the same time, the amount of time spent on housework decreased.
Washing machines were the most common of the three electrical appliances in 1920, with ownership reaching 40% of the population. This number then rose to about 75% in 2019, with a small dip in 1980. Nearly a third of households owned vacuum cleaners in 1920. Although ownership climbed steadily, it did not reach 100% until 2000.
In comparison, almost no households had a refrigerator in 1920. However, ownership increased rapidly and by 1980 there was one in every household.
The amount of time spent doing housework, by contrast, first fell significantly from 50 to 15 hours per week between 1920 and 1980. After that, it only experienced a small drop to just over 10 hours a week in 2019.
How to Vary Your Language
40% of households in 1920 owned washing machines.
40% of households in 1920 had a washing machine.
You should not assume that the number of hours of household work declined because people bought household appliances. There is no such information in the charts. We can’t exclude the possibility that people bought appliances because they had less time to work in the home.
- Overall, ownership of all three appliances increased. Accordingly, the amount of time spent on housework decreased. 👎👎👎
- Overall, ownership of all three appliances increased, while the amount of time spent on housework decreased. 👍👍👍
- Overall, ownership of all three appliances increased and at the same time the amount of time spent on housework decreased. 👍👍👍