The chart below shows the results of a survey about people’s coffee and tea buying and drinking habits in five Australian cities.
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 15 Test 1 Writing Task 1.
Coffee and tea buying and drinking habits in five cities in Australia
The bar graph displays the data collected in a survey about the coffee and tea buying and drinking habits of residents in five cities in Australia in the last four weeks.
Overall, in all the cities except Adelaide, more people went to a cafe for coffee or tea than bought instant or fresh coffee. In Adelaide, going to a cafe and buying instant coffee were almost equally common.
Most residents in Melbourne, Hobart, Sydney, and Brisbane visited a cafe for coffee or tea, at approximately 64, 63, 62, and 55 percent respectively, whereas just under half of residents in Adelaide did so. These 5 cities also had roughly half of residents purchasing instant coffee, and the figures in Hobart and Brisbane were almost 55 percent.
In comparison, the proportion of people who bought fresh coffee was never as high as 45% in any of the five cities, with those in Brisbane and Adelaide, both at nearly 35 percent, less likely than those in the other 3 cities to do so.
Last 4 Weeks
Make sure to include ‘last four weeks’ in your introduction paragraph. Once you establish the context, you don’t need to repeat ‘last 4 weeks’ again and again in the rest of your essay.
How to Write the Overview
In your overview paragraph, you can simply point out the biggest categories in each of the five cities. In Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Hobart, “went to a cafe for coffee” is the biggest category, while in Adelaide both “went to a cafe” and “bought instance coffee” are the biggest categories.
How to Select Data
The category “went to a cafe for coffee” is very important because it has the biggest figures. So, I included all five figures in this category.
The category “bought instant coffee” is less important, so I only singled out the two biggest figures in this category, which are the figures for Hobart and Brisbane.
“Bought fresh coffee” is the smallest category. So, for this category, the figures for Brisbane and Adelaide are the most important because they are the two smallest.