The pie charts below show units of electricity production by fuel source in Australia and France in 1980 and 2000.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Units of electricity by fuel source in Australia
Units of electricity by fuel source in France
The pie charts display electricity generation from different fuel sources in Australia and France in 1980 and 2000. The measurements are in units.
Overall, total production in both countries increased significantly, from 100 to 170 units in Australia and 90 to 180 units in France. In Australia, most electricity was produced using coal in both years, whereas in France nuclear power overtook coal, natural gas, and oil as the main source of electricity supply in 2000.
Australia relied on coal for the majority of its electricity generation in both years; 50 units of electricity were generated from coal in 1980 and this amount went up dramatically to 130 units in 2000. Production from hydropower also showed a climb, to 36 units, while that from natural gas and from oil declined, to 2 units each.
In comparison, most of France’s electricity came from coal, natural gas, and oil, at 25, 25 and 20 units respectively. The other 20 units were generated from nuclear power and hydropower. However, with a dramatic increase to 126 units, nuclear power, which was never used in Australia, became the predominant source of electricity generation in 2000. Burning coal and oil each produced 25 units in 2000, while production from natural gas and from hydropower dropped to only 2 units each. (214 Words)
How to Vary Your Language
You can omit “electricity” and just say “production”. You have already established the context in your introduction paragraph, so when you say ‘production from coal’, readers know you are referring to ‘electricity production from coal’.
You can also use these terms:
How to Group Data
In terms of France’s figures in 1980, ‘25’, ‘25’ and ‘20’ are big ones, so I grouped them together. ‘15’ and ‘5’ are smaller ones, so they are grouped together.
Moving on to 2000, “126” is a very significant figure, so I singled it out. For the rest of the figures, I grouped the two “25” together, and the two “2” together.
11 CommentsLeave A Comment
My writting teacher cuts my marks in my mock test because I included the year as you did in your overview. So is it fine to mention year in overview paragraph. As my teacher told me instead of mentioning year I should year initial year.
Hi, thanks for your comments. Your teacher doesn’t know what he or she is doing. Of course we can include years in the overview.
I was taken aback by the comparison that Australia didn’t even use nuclear power, that was a brilliant point!
Why you write numbers figure in the overview??? Can you explain it?
In theory, we’re not supposed to include numbers in the overview. But every chart is different. If I don’t include total numbers here, I’ll have to write about total production again in details paragraphs. They’re total numbers so it’s fine.
there is a mistake in the last line, u wrote nuclear power instant of hydropower.
Thanks for pointing it out. Corrected it already.
Do u think what score would examiner give u ur written essay
Thanks for your question. All the essays I published on this site were edited by native speakers. There is no grammatical error and the language is idiomatic. These essays are far better than what I wrote on my real exams. Perhaps, an 8.
why data is brough in the overview?
Data on total production are included in the overview so that I don’t need to describe total production in the details paragraphs again. Every question is different. Be flexible!