Governments Should Spend Money on Railways

Lilie King

Lilie King

Scored a 7 on the Writing Test Twice

Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

This essay question is in Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 1 Writing Task 2.

Sample Essay

It is argued that governments should invest money in railways instead of roads. I completely agree with this point of view because railways are environmentally friendly and also an important economic driver.

Railways help to protect the environment. Improving roads amounts to encouraging the public to use cars. The more cars on the road, the more carbon emissions. However, if governments spend money constructing railways, be they subways or tram lines, more people would opt for public transportation instead of private cars when traveling. Take Wuhan, China for example. Over the past 5 years, the government has built 10 subway lines that connect the entire city, making it easy for people to get around. As a result, city road traffic has gone down significantly. This is good for the environment since public transportation has much lower per capita carbon emissions than private vehicles.

In addition, railway networks help to drive economies forward. Different cities have different strengths. With these networks, a country can become more connected, and thus businesses in different cities can collaborate more easily. For example, in China, all major cities are linked by high-speed rail. This allows various hubs, such as the tech hub Shenzhen, manufacturing hub Wuhan, and e-commerce hub Guangzhou, to work together to bring the best products out to the market fast.

In conclusion, government spending should be on railways rather than roads. For one thing, improving railways encourages the use of public transportation and therefore benefits the environment. For another, railways play a key role in economic growth.

255 Words

How to Understand “Railways” and “Roads”

The question is quite general. “Railways” might include subways, high-speed rail networks, tram lines, international trains, etc. “Roads” might include streets, highways, country roads, etc. The question asks about all types of railways and all types of roads. That is to say, you shouldn’t talk about only one type of railway in your body paragraphs. But you can definitely talk about only one type, such as subways or tram lines, in your examples.

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3 Responses

    1. Sorry for the late reply. I think the biggest issue in terms of task response is that your body paragraphs lack focus. Each of your body paragraphs contains several points. It would be better to have only one main point and fully develop it. Your essay also contains many grammatical errors. I’d give it a 5 or 5.5.

  1. Every governments provide capital for the better transportation system for the develop their the countries. It is a often argued that it is more advantages to the government expected allocate funds on railways instead of roads. In my opinion, I agree with this statement and think that trains are much fast, protective, environmental friendly and save money.
    First of all, transportation on trains are faster than other moter vehicles but it has become safe and ecofriendly solution for the present world. It is because that the trains reduces number of accidents and wasting time in the community. Also this is the preferable idea to restore the fell down environmental polution. Recent studies show that the trains can drop traffic congestion in main cities. Not only that but also most of people use this type of railway transportation system for saving the travelling time. Therefore, it will give more benefits by improving the railway facilities.
    Secondly, trains can carry lot of passengers and several tonnes of goods at a time while, road vehicle unable to like that. At the same time population of the world is increasing rapidly. Therefore, the transpotation has given much value for money. For example a recent research has proved that most of countries use trains for the cargo system has become easy and popular. For this reason, companies cut the some maintainance wages. Morever, proper construction and maintance of the relevant system will become an investment in the future.
    Finally, in my opinion I strongly agree believe that governments expected allocate capital on railways ratherthan roads because, the trains have given better travel experience and value for the money.

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