In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing.
What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures could be taken to solve them?
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 4 Writing Task 2.
In some countries, the average weight of people is rising and their health and fitness conditions are becoming worse. I believe this is mainly because eating healthy is too expensive in these countries. To solve this problem, governments should place a high tax on junk food and meanwhile make healthy food affordable.
Junk food is much cheaper than healthy food. Fresh fruits and vegetables are more expensive to farm than crops that will be processed because they rely on human labor rather than machines. For example, fresh strawberries have to be picked by hand whereas strawberries destined for preserves can be harvested by a machine since bumps and bruises do not matter in the process, and machines are more efficient and cheaper in the long run than human labor. This makes many people dependent on cheap, unhealthy food to fill their stomachs. As they eat more and more of it, they become overweight and prone to health problems such as diabetes.
To help people eat healthily, junk food should be heavily taxed. Since low prices are the main reason why many people consume it regularly, a high tax would effectively discourage them from doing so. However, only regulating junk food is not enough. Healthy food should also be made affordable and governments can help by giving subsidies to farmers whose produce will be sold fresh.
In conclusion, the low price of junk food and the high price of healthy food are the major causes of the declining health of people in some countries. To address this predicament, healthy food should be sold at affordable prices and Junk food should be subjected to high taxes.