In the Future All Cars Buses and Trucks Will Be Driverless

In the future all cars, buses and trucks will be driverless. The only people travelling inside these vehicles will be passengers.

Do you think the advantages of driverless vehicles outweigh the disadvantages?

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 16 Test 4 Writing Task 2.

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Sample Essay

In the future, all vehicles will be autonomous. Passengers will be the only people inside them. I believe businesses can cut costs by using driverless cars, and this advantage far outweighs any potential disadvantages.

One downside of self-driving cars might be that they could lead to large employment losses. Nowadays, in many countries, a great number of people are making a living by driving, be they truckers, bus drivers, or delivery couriers. Imagine all these people are made redundant by autonomous cars. That would raise the unemployment rates in these countries significantly. However, I think this can be avoided if drivers reskill to get themselves a job in a new sector.

On the positive side, driverless cars could help businesses reduce operating expenses. This is because, with these cars, they would not need to hire drivers to deliver their products or services to their customers. For example, the American logistics company UPS currently has hundreds of thousands of truck drivers and pays them an average of 60,000 dollars per year, which adds up to tens of billions of dollars annually. Replacing these drivers with autonomous cars would mean that these huge salary payments could be eliminated. I think this could create a great advantage for society as a whole because companies could devote the money they save on labor to other aspects of their business, which could mean cheaper, better goods for consumers.

In conclusion, although self-driving vehicles would result in many job losses, I believe this downside is greatly outweighed by the upside that these vehicles could help businesses save operating costs.

264 Words

How to Paraphrase “Driverless Cars”

  • self-driving cars
  • autonomous cars

Task Response

My opinion is that the advantage of driverless cars outweighs the disadvantage. Therefore, at the end of the “disadvantage” paragraph, I explained why the disadvantage is not a big deal, and at the end of the “advantage” paragraph, I explained why the advantage is a great advantage (see the red parts).

16 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. Hi Lilie don’t you think that in the question they mentioned advantages and disadvantages and you have mentioned one in each category?

    1. Hi, thanks for your question. Have you watched the video embedded in the blog post? I explained in the video why it’s correct to write only one advantage and one disadvantage.

  2. Hi, that was a great explanation and I really enjoy watching the video. However, in my opinion, you didn’t mention “passengers” at all. Is the question “fully addressed” regarding band descriptor, as we see that the question mentioned passengers inside the driverless vehicles?

    1. Hi, thanks for your question. That’s just a background sentence. The question is “do you think the advantages of driverless vehicles outweigh the disadvantages?” I think we only need to answer this question.

  3. Some argue that in the foreseeable future, all type of vehicles will be driven without driver, subsequently, the passengers will be the people are present in them.This essay will shed light on the advantages of this type of and give some reason to prove its positive points.
    Although, some believe that modern driverless vehicles might be dangerous, other give some compelling justifications to support it. The state of the art of controlling system are provided for this machines that is tested under the high level standards. the Tesla company products are the clear example for it, that are examined under different conditions and passed the all tests. The other feature of them is redundancy control system in which, if any of them is crashed, other one can navigate the vehicle. These inventions are using artificial intelligence, GPS, variety of sensors, so there are not any worries to use them.
    Consider car accidents statistics, the main reason for it is human factor, for instance, being under the family or the work pressures, being drunk, using mobile phone. In the modern cars, different type of safety systems are defined that can give rise to sharp decrease in the number of crashes. Not only do these vehicles have less hazard, they are also more economical because under no circumstances is their fuel consumption more than traditional ones.
    To recapitulate, same as other technological devices, the driverless vehicles will be an integral part of near future of transportation, therefore when it comes to economic and health, their merits far outweigh their drawbacks.

  4. With each passing decade, the word is evolving at an exponential rate especially in the technology domain. Due to rapid growth and advancement of technology and artificial intelligence, a day when all the vehicles become driverless is not unimaginable. However, in my opinion, the advantages of having driverless vehicles will not outweigh the disadvantages and we shall elucidate the same in this essay.
    To begin with, having only driverless cars, buses and trucks would have a major setback to the economy at a macro level. Changing the entire vehicle manufacturing ecosystem from the conventional setting would entail a huge financial investment as well as other add on costs for activities such as Research and Development. Additionally, a massive surge in unemployment rate as a consequent to this will impact the lives of people whose primary occupation involves commercial driving. Their means of livelihood would be snatched away and as compensation the government will have to either create more jobs or provide monetary support in the interim while they look for a new occupation. Not to forget, having driverless cars could also lead to mishaps on road which cannot be controlled.
    Although, it cannot be entirely disregarded that driverless vehicles would prove to be a boon in some ways. Higher efficiency in the transport system and reduced commuting time due to a smaller number of drivers’ breaks during a transit. Certainly, people would no longer require remembering complex routes or read map while visiting a foreign location. Journeys would be less tiresome as people can rejuvenate at the backseat while travelling in a driverless automobile.
    To conclude, the benefits of having driverless automobiles do not outweigh the loss that the world would incur due to the disadvantages highlighted in the essay. A place where an equilibrium of both prevails would be the ideal scenario and we must not go away with the conventional transport system.

  5. Hey,
    I attempted this question before watching this video and I my point of view is opposite of yours. Is it okay to have a different opinion and explain it?

  6. Hi, I would be appreciate if you can give me some comment.
    In the future, all road transportation will be made autonomous, with human becoming the passengers only. With the adoption of a safer and smarter traffic, I believe the advantages of such business can outweigh any possible down sides.
    Many people blame this innovation for the unemployment of millions of drivers worldwide. Since an early stage of mankind’s history, owning and being in charge of a vehicle has become a vital job. Society form and thrive thanks to the wheels rolling. Therefore, it would be hard for drivers to accept the fact that their way of earn a living will become a story in the past. However, this problem can be addressed by introducing old drivers to new fields, where human resource is needed.
    Looking at the bright side, driverless cars mean safe and smart traffic. Most of the traffic accidents was caused by careless driver, who was drunk, stressed or sleepy. By letting AI and robots to participate in transportation process, the accidents rate will drop significantly, allowing human to enjoy a safer trip. Moreover, computers have a good reputation of making complex calculation in a blink of an eye, so human will hardly ever have to worry about being stuck in traffic jams again. Every route will be quickly and precisely calculated, with adjustments added based on real-time update. Travelling to places will be like a breeze.
    To sum up, I think whereas autonomous transportation causes many job losses in the short term, it could bring a long term solution of safe and smart traffic.

  7. In the next decades, there is a strong chance that most public transports will operate without drivers, and riders will be the only humans inside them. This essay will demonstrate how driverless vehicles can make travelling safer but will also show that this mesure can lead to problems such as unemployment of workers and dissatisfaction of the citizens. Whilst acknowledging that there are benefits, the essay will argue that the disadvantages of the transport industry outweigh the advantages.

    One country that has already experienced driverless buses is Japan. Over the last years, this first world country has been trying new ways of transport for their citizens. In order to assure a safer and cheaper bus ticket, the country has installed mechanical robots instead of the normal human drivers. These proved to have better concentration and made almost zero mistakes, since they do not suffer from stress or burn-outs. The robots also helped to reduce the cost of the ticket, since there were no salaries to pay.

    Norway, on the other hand, bought some driverless cars for the police department and these had a bad impact within the local community. The reason behind the annoyment of the society was that almost 35% of the police officers lost their job due to this new measure taken by the Norwegian government. While the robotical cars showed excellent performance, people already had a misconception of them, so the mobiles were not welcomed to the city.

    In conclusion, although new technologies are always helpful, making our lives easier and improving our security, they tend to displace our habits and this results in a feeling of intrusion. Hence, the drawbacks of installing driverless cars, buses and trucks definitely outweigh the benefits.

  8. In the coming years, driversless vehicles will be the preferred mode for commuting by passengers as it has many advantages for their daily travelings. This essay will discuss the merits and demerits of this technological innovation.

    On the one hand, the introduction of autonomous cars will mean that many people will be off the driving job market as a result may increase the number of unemployment. Secondly, this innovation will will also put pressure on government and road regulatory bodies to make sure that all roads are in good shape to accommodate this vehicles, CCTV cameras must be installed on the roads to track faulty cars which come at a cost. Moreover, the commuters will need to sensitize on the importance of using driverless vehicles in other to get them to patronage.

    On the other hand, the Indra of introducing autonomous vehicles in the near future has many advantages which outweigh any possible disadvantages.
    Firstly, using driverless vehicles will reduce road traffic accident as a result government will be able to save more money on health which can be used on other projects. Secondly, these cars will provide services that are faster and more reliable as compared to human drivers, delivery services will be faster than the former as the autonomous cars can locate the exact location of a client using GPS of the receiver.
    In addition, autonomous cars will be helpful in regulating traffic situations as they will respond to the directives of the traffic. Finally, this technological advancement will also save a lot of money for companies that have employed huge number of drivers as there will be no human being driving, companies can use the money to develop their business to expand employment.

    In conclusion, the introduction of driverless vehicles in the near future will help both companies and government to make savings for other projects and investment . I believe the benefits outweighs the problem which can be tackled in diverse ways.

  9. Nearly all means of transportation we utilize today will function without drivers shortly. In other words, humans would need not sit in the driving seat anymore. While some argue that there are some drawbacks to autonomous driving technology, I believe there are more benefits to this upcoming phenomenon.
    Currently, most individuals oppose using autonomous vehicles as the recent technologies have not yet peaked to develop more secure, convenient driverless methods. For instance, some incidents had recently occurred in the United States when Tesla was testing its new autonomous car, and subsequently, two pedestrians were severely injured. This has had a negative impact on people’s perspectives regarding these innovative automobiles. In addition, this group says that there is a lack of state laws about it. To illustrate, it is not clear if one of these motor vehicles killed a passer-by, who would be responsible for the death of a human being: the car owner or the manufacturing company? Therefore, they claim that there should be enough legislation to let these cars out on the street.
    On the other hand, there are some immediate and long-term benefits that these vehicles could bring about. First and foremost, we would not be required to drive and could use our precious time reading ebooks or watching our favorite TV series instead of waiting furiously in traffic congestions. Another positive outlook is that as artificial intelligence applications appeal to more industries, exploiting optimization techniques in chauffeurless cars could lead to less fuel consumption in those vehicles. Thus, it could mitigate some of our growing concerns regarding the issues of air pollution and global warming.
    In conclusion, there is more to intelligent transportation means than meets the eye. Although there are still some gaps in their regulation process, the future looks bright for this novel invention.
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  10. In the coming years, driversless vehicles will be the preferred mode for commuting by passengers as it has many advantages for their daily travelings. This essay will discuss the merits and demerits of this technological innovation.

    On the one hand, the introduction of autonomous cars will mean that many people will be off the driving job market as a result may increase the number of unemployment. Secondly, this innovation will will also put pressure on government and road regulatory bodies to make sure that all roads are in good shape to accommodate this vehicles, CCTV cameras must be installed on the roads to track faulty cars which come at a cost. Moreover, the commuters will need to sensitize on the importance of using driverless vehicles in other to get them to patronage.

    On the other hand, the Indra of introducing autonomous vehicles in the near future has many advantages which outweigh any possible disadvantages.
    Firstly, using driverless vehicles will reduce road traffic accident as a result government will be able to save more money on health which can be used on other projects. Secondly, these cars will provide services that are faster and more reliable as compared to human drivers, delivery services will be faster than the former as the autonomous cars can locate the exact location of a client using GPS of the receiver.
    In addition, autonomous cars will be helpful in regulating traffic situations as they will respond to the directives of the traffic. Finally, this technological advancement will also save a lot of money for companies that have employed huge number of drivers as there will be no human being driving, companies can use the money to develop their business to expand employment.

    In conclusion, the introduction of driverless vehicles in the near future will help both companies and government to make savings for other projects and investment . I believe the benefits outweighs the problem which can be tackled in diverse ways.

  11. In the upcoming years, all types of vehicles will become autonomous and only passengers will be commuting in them without the need of a driver behind the steering wheel. This essay will discuss that the positive effect of increasing road safety due to this technology outweighs the negativity of leaving behind a lot of jobless people.

    One possible drawback of this technology is the idea that it is driverless and doesn’t need a human driver anymore. Hence, causing an increasing number of jobless people. Not only it will take the place of taxi or truck drivers but also any kind of manual delivery service. To illustrate, Amazon is currently testing out new drones and small cars that could autonomously deliver orders in less time and cost. These people, therefore, will lose their main source of income and may not be able to find another job as they may have been years in this work and don’t know any other craft to work in. Nevertheless, government could create special programs alleviating this problem by teaching these drivers a new craft that would create for them more opportunities and this could also help in covering certain jobs that have a shortage of workers.

    The significant pro of autonomous vehicles is that it can mitigate the problem of car accidents and ensure all in all roading safety. The equipment of multiple cameras and different sensors surrounding these vehicles, scanning all possible threats and results in fewer car accidents as all blind spots that humans can’t be seen are covered by these sensors in addition to having a faster response time that humans. Thus, decreasing the chance of human error accidents which are an overwhelming 90% of all occurring accidents.

    To conclude, the introduction of driverless vehicles in the future is imminent. Although it may cost a lot of people to go jobless, it can save more lives than get lost every day around the world due to avoidable accidents.

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