Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
What other measures do you think might be effective?
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 3 Writing Task 2.
Traffic and pollution problems are becoming worse and worse. I completely disagree that raising petrol prices is the best method to solve these problems. I believe it would be more feasible to impose high charges for workplace parking.
Increasing the price of petrol only moderately would not have a great impact on car use. This is because people who use their car to commute and go to the shop every day have already developed a habit of doing so, and it is scientifically proved that once a habit is formed, it is hard to get rid of it. Therefore, they may well continue to use their car as a major means of travel unless petrol prices become extremely high. However, I think hiking fuel prices sharply is politically infeasible because it would hurt the entire economy since goods are now mainly transported by petrol-powered vehicles.
Instead, high workplace parking fees should be introduced. Unlike petrol prices, workplace parking charges would not affect the economy and so could be set at a price that is so high that people would leave their cars at home and opt for public transport. This could significantly reduce road traffic in the rush hour since car commuters are the main cause of heavy traffic at this time. With fewer cars on the road, car emissions would decrease as well.
In conclusion, Imposing high workplace parking fees would be a better solution than increasing petrol prices because it would not affect the economy and as a result would be more politically infeasible.
To impose/introduce/set a charge/fee
Example High workplace parking fees/charges should be imposed.