The Diagrams Below Show the Life Cycle of a Species of Large Fish Called the Salmon
The diagrams below show the life cycle of a species of large fish called the salmon.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The diagrams display the life cycle of the salmon, which is a large fish species.
Overall, salmon have an average lifespan of nine years and their life cycle consists of four main stages: egg, fry, smolt, and adult. While the first three stages occur in freshwater, the last one takes place in saline water. (The red part is correct. You can understand it this way:
the egg stage, the fry stage, the smolt stage and the adult stage.)
The life cycle begins when salmon eggs are laid among small stones at the base of reeds in the upper part of a river, where the current is slow. After approximately 5 to 6 months, fry which measure 3 to 8 centimeters long can be seen in the water. The fry then swim to the lower, faster-flowing part of the river. After growing and feeding there for about 4 years, they reach 12 to 15 centimeters and are considered smolts.
They then head to the ocean where they grow/mature into adult salmon which average 70 to 76 centimeters long. They spend around 5 years there, after which they migrate upstream to their birthplace to spawn, and the entire journey is repeated all over again. (179 Words)
Verbs for Describing a Life Cycle
Does the Life Cycle Have 3 or 4 Stages?
The numbers in the diagrams are not stages. They are there to refer you to the matching numbered items in the legend. (A legend is a table on a map or chart, listing and explaining the symbols used.) The life cycle has four main stages: egg, fry, smolt, and adult.
The plural form of “salmon” is also “salmon”, not “salmons”.
✅ The salmon has an average lifespan of nine years. (Here, “the salmon” refers to the species and therefore is singular.)
✅ Salmon have an average lifespan of nine years. (Here, “salmon” refers to the fish themselves and therefore is plural.)
When meaning small fish, “fry” is both singular and plural.
✅ After the eggs hatch, the baby salmon hide among the stones for approximately 5 to 6 months to mature into fry that measure 3 to 8 centimeters long.
❎ After the eggs hatch, the baby salmon hide among the stones for approximately 5 to 6 months to mature into fries that measure 3 to 8 centimeters long.
The diagrams are very misleading. For example, it looks like only after salmon leave the oceans do they become adults. However, in fact, it is in the oceans where they grow into adults. I suggest you read some articles online to get an idea of when salmon grow into fry, smolts and adults.