Plastic Bags Plastic Bottles and Plastic Packaging

Plastic bags, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are bad for the environment. What damage does plastic do to the environment? What can be done by governments and individuals to solve this problem?

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 16 General Training Test 1 Writing Task 2.

Sample Essay

Nowadays, almost everything we buy is packaged in plastic, a material that damages the environment. I believe plastic pollutes the land and the oceans and, to solve this problem, product packaging should be more efficient.

Plastic wastes cause land and sea pollution. This is because they are difficult and expensive to recycle and therefore most of them are sent to landfill sites, sitting there for thousands of years before decomposing. Plastic wastes can also find their way to the sea. The ones discarded on the beach may be blown into the oceans. Even those thrown on the streets and sitting on landfill sites may be blown into gutters and discharged with sewage into rivers and then reach the oceans, threatening the survival of marine animals.

To reduce plastic waste, a more efficient design of packaging should be encouraged. Governments can help by giving tax subsidies to manufacturers that use less plastic in packaging. With the removal of excess air and water, products require less packaging. At scale, these small differences in product size can lead to significant plastic reductions. Consumers can also contribute, by choosing not to purchase products packaged in unnecessary large plastic containers. For example, do not buy protein powder that comes in a big bottle that is one-third empty. To respond to consumer concerns, more and more brands would start using sustainable packaging, which could keep millions of tons of plastic materials out of landfills every year.

In conclusion, plastic is bad for the environment because it does damage to the land and the sea. To address this issue, governments and consumers should support products that have less packaging. (272 Words)

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  1. The way that we are using plastic packages nowadays strongly affects our planet. This essay will discuss the damages caused by the desmeasured use of plastic products, such as plastic bags and bottles, and will name a few solutions to this problem, like reducing the use of these and replacing it with less contaminant items.

    As we all know, plastic products are toxic for the environment. Since its creation in 1950, plastic has been used indiscriminately in all its forms by humans: bags, bottles, packages and a large etcetera. However, it was just a few years ago that our society started to be conscious about its damage. One of the events that shocked scientists and individuals all the same, were the millions of turtles that were found dead near the beach in Sydney, Australia. When the scientific community started to investigate the cause of this phenomenon, they found out that the water pollution, caused by plastic wrappers, was the main reason behind these animal’s death.

    Professionals from all over the world have been thinking of a solution for this increasing problem, and they all arrived at the same answer: we must stop using plastic items. Nevertheless, this is not that easy. Today’s society is based on consumption, so an alternative would be to reduce our plastic overuse. Some countries, like Norway, are implementing disposable bags that melt into water. Hence, when citizens arrive home with their purchase, they can disintegrate the bags and there is no contamination of natural resources.

    In conclusion, our earth’s resources are constantly affected by human actions, so we must think of alternative ways to reduce the impact of them. Hopefully, in the following years, new biodegradable materials will be invented, and we will finally be able to stop using plastic products.

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