Plastic Bags Plastic Bottles and Plastic Packaging Are Bad for the Environment IELTS

Lilie King

Lilie King

Scored a 7 on the Writing Test Twice

Plastic bags, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are bad for the environment.

What damage does plastic do to the environment?

What can be done by governments and individuals to solve this problem?

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 16 General Training Test 1 Writing Task 2.

Sample Essay

Nowadays, almost everything we buy is packaged in plastic, a material that damages the environment. I believe plastic pollutes the land and the oceans and, to solve this problem, product packaging should be more efficient.

Plastic wastes cause land and sea pollution. This is because they are difficult and expensive to recycle and therefore most of them are sent to landfill sites, sitting there for thousands of years before decomposing. Plastic wastes can also find their way to the sea. The ones discarded on the beach may be blown into the oceans. Even those thrown on the streets and sitting on landfill sites may be blown into gutters and discharged with sewage into rivers and then reach the oceans, threatening the survival of marine animals.

To reduce plastic waste,  a more efficient design of packaging should be encouraged. Governments can help by giving tax subsidies to manufacturers that use less plastic in packaging. With the removal of excess air and water, products require less packaging. At scale, these small differences in product size can lead to significant plastic reductions. Consumers can also contribute, by choosing not to purchase products packaged in unnecessary large plastic containers. For example, do not buy protein powder that comes in a big bottle that is one-third empty. To respond to consumer concerns, more and more brands would start using sustainable packaging, which could keep millions of tons of plastic materials out of landfills every year.

In conclusion, plastic is bad for the environment because it does damage to the land and the sea. To address this issue, governments and consumers should support products that have less packaging.

272 Words

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