The Diagram Below Shows the Process for Recycling Plastic Bottles

The diagram below shows the process for recycling plastic bottles.

Summerise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 16 Test 4 Writing Task 1.

How plastic bottles are recycled

the diagram below shows the process for recycling plastic bottles

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Sample Essay

The diagram illustrates how plastic bottles are recycled.

Overall, the recycling of plastic bottles is a cyclical process that consists of use, collection, sorting, crushing, cleaning, pelletizing, making new plastic products, and reuse.

After plastic bottles are used, they are discarded in recycling bins, waiting for trucks to transport them to a recycling plant. Once there, they are sorted and those that can be reused are compressed into blocks. The blocks are then broken down by a crushing machine into small pieces, which are subsequently cleaned to remove any residue.

The small clean pieces produced in the last stage are then poured into a machine where they are turned into pellets. The machine also heats and melts the pellets, which creates plastic raw material. Finally, the raw material is made into different plastic products, including pens, bottles, and reusable shopping bags. After these products are used, they go through the recycling process all over again. (155 words)

How to Write the Overview

In your overview, if you say the recycling process is cyclical, you have to have a complete cycle that goes back to the start: use, collection, sorting, crushing, cleaning, pelletizing, making new plastic products, and reuse. The diagram hints at the step “use” by showing the user putting an empty bottle into the bin with no description. You have to mention “use” and “reuse”. Otherwise, you don’t have a complete cycle and you can’t say the process is cyclical.

How to Vary Your Language

Step 3 | Recycling center -> Recycling plant

Example   They are then transported to a recycling plant by truck.

Step 5 | Crushing -> Breaking down/Grinding

Example   The blocks are then broken down into/ground into small pieces by a crushing machine.

Step 5 | Washing -> Cleaning

Example   They are subsequently cleaned to remove any residue.

Step 6 | Producing plastic pellets -> Be turned/transformed/converted into plastic pellets

Example   The clean small pieces are then poured into a machine where they are turned into pellets.

Step 7 | Heating pellets -> Melting pellets
Step 7 | To form raw material -> To produce/create raw material

Example   The pellets are melted in order to produce/create raw material for new products.

35 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. Dear lilie,
    Based on what I have learned from your web, I notice that in the stage 9, we can use “either clause” because of two arrows being shown.
    As an example:
    The raw materials are then ready to produce end products either including plastic products like bottles or recycled ones such as clothes, pens, and shopping bags. So, correct me if I am wrong.
    Best regards,

    1. Thanks for your question. “And” is better because “either…or…” can mean either A or B but not both. But apparently the raw material can be used to produce both groups of products that the two arrows lead to. (I already answered your question about the use of the plural “proportions”.)

  2. The diagram shows how plastic bottles been recycled.
    In overview, the recycling of plastic bottles is a cycled process involving: use, transportation, sorting, compressing into blocks, crushing and washing, pelleting, heating to form raw materials, producing an end product and reuse.
    The first stage of the process is discarding of the used plastic bottles into a recycling bin. It is then transported by a truck to the recycling centre. Then, sorting of the bottles follows. The sorted bottles are put into the machine for compression. The next stage is crushing and washing to remove residue.
    Pellets are produced and heated to form raw materials. Finally, resulting in production of end products like plastic y, plates, clothes, pencil, reusable bags and this products are reused.
    After this products are reused, they go through the recycling process again.

  3. The diagram illustrates how plastic bottles are recycled.
    Overall, the process consists of nine steps totally starting with throwing bottles used and ending with manufacturing new items.
    As a first stage, bottles that are used throw into the dust bin. After that, they are carried by trucks to the recycle plant. As a third stage, workers in recycling centre sort them according to reuse material and cancel. The result items are then compressed into blocks. Following this, they are broke down by a crushing machine.After that they are cleaned.
    The result small pieces produced by in the last stage are poured into a machine which forms plastic pellets.And this machine heats and melts tiny pellets into raw material.Finally, companies produce new products such as pencil, clothes. bottle and useable bags. In this way , this cycilable process goes though all again.

  4. Hi Lilie, could you give me a quick feedback? Thanks.

    Overall, there are nine steps in this cyclic process, including collection, sorting, dissection and reproduction.

    First of all, the cycle starts after we put the plastic bottles into the recycling bin. A specific truck is then collected those bottles from every bin in the region. Afterward, workers in the recycling center divide the suitable bottle from the collection so as to clarify if it fit the standard for recycling.

    As for those chosen bottles, they are compressed by a special machine and form a smaller cube and ready for crushing into small pieces, the next step is to remove dirty particles which consist in the plastic pieces. Next, the prepared recycling plastic then send to another crushing machine for the second division. After that, plastic pellets are ultimately produced which need to be heated as the raw resources. Finally, to the last stage, the raw materials are being manufactured to different products, for example, plastic bags, plastic boxes, clothes, and also plastic bottle. The used plastic bottle is then collected for the next cycle.

  5. The diagram illustrates the process flow of how the plastic bottles are recycled.
    Overall, there is a systematic way how plastic bottles can be recycled which in turn can be used again to form new material. It is a cyclical process of use, collection, sorting, crushing, cleaning, pelletizing and making new products and reuse.
    The process starts when a consumer throws it wastes in the garbage bin. This disposed waste will be collected by the garbage tractor. The truck will bring this to the recycling center. An in-charged person will start sorting out the waste by segregating the recyclable and non-recyclable ones.
    The recyclable wastes are then compressed into blocks. The blocks are broken down into pieces by crushing them through a crushing machine. All this crushed plastics are washed thoroughly to remove any residue. After that, it is poured into a machine where they are turned into plastic pellets. These pellets are heated to melt and form into a raw material.
    The raw materials will be used to produce end products such as new plastic bottle, plastic containers, shirts, pencils or color pencils and plastic bags.

  6. Please evaluate this one,

    The Diagram illustrate the step by step procedure of recycling plastic bottles. Among all the non reusable materials plastic is the one, but these days in order to control pollution that occurring from the plastic, there are many methods introducing to make them reuse. One of the process is that the used and thrown plastic waste undergoes 9 stages to convert in to usable products .
    To start the process the very first step is to collect all the waste in order to collect, arranging waste bins in the public places will be effective. Then the collected waste need to be transferred to a recycling center it will done by using trucks once the workers received it they start sorting the materials according to their size or their type.
    Then it will be compressed in to blocks to remove air and extra spaces among them. With the use of rolling blades they are then converted in to small pieces, once all the pieces are done washing then those will go through a machine which become into the tiny pellets. In order to form the raw materials the pellets have to expose to the heat. Later, the prepared raw material will be ready to make whatever product needed such as, Bottles, shirts, pencils, carry bags, boxes and soon.
    This is the very effective way to recycle the waste and also not much expensive with less time consuming.

  7. They figure the pics the recycling of plastic bottles.
    Overall, it can be seen that the process by which plastic bottles recycle in a multi step cyclical process, which consists of as three steps such as collecting, processing and production.
    At first, people left their used plastic bottles and plastic bags at the symbolic mentioned recycling been. In the stage, The Unique specialised truck which is pickup all plastical items from the beens. After that all items arrived at the recycling centre for sorting process.
    Following the stage four, all the bottles go through the compresser and they into a square blocks. Not only that the crusher smash will blocks in a tiny parts. The all parts washed into water and go for next step in a producing machine. AfterProcess, the all plastic pieces are tuned into palets.
    However, It’s looks like all the palates are melting by heat to make raw materials. At last all raw materials are using for producing useful products such as bottles ,containers ,handbags,pens and also t-shirt. The whole process is cyclical.

  8. Hii, we should not write “consists of X steps, commencing from…, ending with… . ” in Overall of Only Cyclical process, right? But in other we can use it.

    1. Thanks for your question. It is better not to state only the first and last stages of a process whether it is a cyclical or linear one. Instead, we should summarize all the main stages. Please read the examiner’s comment on page 133 of Cambridge IELTS 16.

  9. The illustration displays the recycling process of bottles made of plastic.

    Overall, the plastic reusing process is cyclic and consists of five main stages: sorting at the center, compressing into blocks, crushing it, producing plastic pellets, heating it to get raw material that is then used to make plastic products and the cycle starts again.

    First of all, plastic garbage is transported into the recycling center by special truck that collects only plastic bottles. The plastic then separated into two sections where the ticked section is for plastics that are could be reused. After these sorted plastics are compressed into blocks and go to crushing. At the stage of crushing blocks are converted into tiny pieces and washed in full of the special liquid container. The chopping machine makes tiny pieces tinier making them look like powder. Plastic pellets are subsequently heated and melted to become more organized, dense, and more comfortable to use raw material. Plastic products could be manufactured by this raw material which starts the cycle again after discarding.

  10. The diagram illustrates the processes involved in re-manufacturing of used plastic bottles.

    Overall, the whole recycling procedure consists of 9 distinct stages. Beginning with collecting of used plastic bottles from the waste bin and ending with the final production of reusable plastic products.

    To begin with, truck load used bottles from the thrush bin and offload them to the recycling center for sorting out. From the there, those that are capable of remolding are selected and compressed into blocks, in addition, these blocks are sent to the crushing machine to be broken into finite particles. From this stage, the broken bottles are sent to the next stage for mailing where plastic pellets are produced.

    The other stage of the recycling procedure is heating of the pellets to form new raw materials which are subsequently turned into various plastic products such as pens, bags for shopping, drinking bottles, plastic bowls and other products.

  11. Please send me a feedback , my exam is on day after tomorrow.
    The diagram illustrates the procedure of how plastic bottles are recycled.
    overall, the entire recycling procedure consists of 9 stages. begins with collecting used plastic bottles from garbage bins and ends with output of recycled end products.

    To begin with,used plastic bottles are collected from garbage cans and then collected bottles are transferred to the recycling centres by vehicles. as the third step, bottles are sorted by employees who worked in recycling centres. next, sorted bottles are compressed into blocks and crushed with help of a machine.

    as the next step, Crushed pieces are washed in order to remove all the dirt. washed particles are entered to a machine and covert them into raw materials then converted raw materials are being melted and use to produce end products such as clothes, stationeries, bottles and so on.

  12. The diagram illustrates how plastic bottles get recycled.

    Recycling plastic bottles is a complicated, closed cycle process to convert used plastic bottles into new plastic goods. This process can be divided into two main stages. The first stage is producing plastic pellets and the second one is making new product from plastic pellets.
    To begin with, used plastic bottles must be put into recycle bins. From there, plastic bottles are collected and transported to a recycling center by recycle trucks. Inside recycling center, plastic bottles are sorted manually to seperate recyclable bottles from non-recyclable ones. Next, recyclable bottles are pressed into big cube-shape blocks, allowing them to better fit the crushing machine. In the crushing machine, blocks are ground up and shredded into flakes. Then, plastic flakes are submersed in a huge tank full of specially cleaning solution to eliminate bacteria and impurities. After that, plastic flakes are put into pelletizers to produce plastic pellets.
    In the second stage, plastics pellets are heated to form raw material. They are formed differently depending on the end products. In the end, raw materials are sent to warehouse and stay there until can be used in the manufature of the end products, such as clothing, nylon bags, plastic bottles and so on.

  13. Hello! Thank you a lot for all resourses. Could you please give me your feedback and maybe band?

    The diagram explains how plastic bottles are recycled. Some stages of the process and the equipment used are specified.

    It is clear from the diagram that, first, plastic bottles are thrown into trash cans. Second, it is picked by lorry and delivered to the recycling centre, where different types of waste are sorted by workers. Then plastic bottles are compressed into blocks. At the next stage they are crushed by a special machine and washed in the tank with water.

    Referring to the following steps, it can be noted that when it is over, plastic pieces are ground into plastic pellets. After that, they are heated, which is followed by forming raw material. Then it is completed and raw material is stacked. Finally, new products, such as containers, t-shirts, pencils, bags and bottles are produced. As the consumer reuse these items, it starts out the cycle of recycling again.

    Thus, there are nine steps in the process beginning with throwing plastic bottles.

  14. Hlo plz give me feedback on this overview

    The process consists of 9 steps beginning with collecting bottles and ends with new products. However, major phases includes collecting waste bottles, sorting,crushing and new materials production.

  15. The given diagram shows information on how used plastic bottles are recycled. In general, the illustration presents a continuous process with nine steps.
    At first, used bottles are deposited by the users in a movable big sized bin. Then, all the gathered bottles are collected by a covered truck for carrying towards recycling centre. In the centre, staffs sort recyclable bottles from unusable bottles and kept them in separate boxes.
    Later, selected bottles are compressed into different blocks. The blocks are placed in a two-wheeler crushing machine to be brocken into smaller pieces and these are washed in a large size water tank to remove wastages.
    The washed small plastic pieces, then, are poured in a cubic machine to produce plastic pellets. The pellets go through a heating process to form raw materials. The materials usually are kept in a storage and several plastic made products like bottles, food carrier, T-shirts, pens, bags, etc. are produced for everyday usages. After consuming, reused products are deposited again in the bin. The same recycling process is continued.

  16. The diagram illustrates how plastic bottles are recycled.
    Overall, there are 9 steps in this process cycle, starting from collection of used plastics to manufacturing new products from the recycled material.

    The process starts when consumers throw away used bottles in to the collection bins. These are then sent to a sorting centre by vehicles, where plastics that are suitable are manually selected. The selection is then compressed in to blocks, and the blocks are crushed in to small pieces.

    The end product from the last step is washed in tank to clean and these small pieces are processed in a machine which puts pellets of plastic. Heating of these pellets makes the raw material which then used to make various customer products such as bottles, boxes, etc. As the consumer reuse these items, it starts out the cycle of recycling again.

    1. Good essay. I think you may get a 7, but the overview can definitely be improved. Please read the examiner’s comment on Page 133 of Cambridge IELTS 16.

  17. The diagram illustrates how plastic bottles get recycled.

    Overall, the cycle comprises of nine processes that start by usage, collection, sorting, crushing, production of pellets, making new products, and ending up getting reused by people.

    After the usage of plastics, people get rid of them in special bins, and then recycling trucks transport them to a recycling center. In this center, the sorting process is accomplished manually after which only the valid ones, get compressed into big plastic blocks. These chunks of plastics are then ground into smaller parts and get washed by the same crushing machine. Consequently, another heavy machine transforms these cleaned parts into plastic pellets.

    The manufactured pellets subsequently are exposed to heat and get turned into plastic raw material. Finally, the raw materials get processed into different reusable products like shirts, pencils, and plastic containers. After the utilization of these products, they go again through the same process.

    Hoping to get feedback, please.

      1. Sorry for the late reply. You have a good command of English. Your essay is very easy to follow. I think you can get a 6.5.

        Overview: “start with” and “end with” are used to introduce the first and last steps only.

        Details Paragraphs:
        ✖“These chunks of plastics are then ground into smaller parts and get washed by the same crushing machine.”
        As you can see from the diagram, the crushing machine only crushes them. It doesn’t wash them.

        ✖ “Consequently”

        ✖“subsequently are”
        ✔are subsequently

        ✖“processed into”
        ✔made into

  18. The diagram depicts the information pertaining to steps involved in the conversion of used plastic into useful products.

    It can be clearly seen that in the initial phase plastic waste is thrown by the masses into dustbins, fron where it is collected by the recycling industry with the help of a big truck. After delivery to the recycling center, manual sorting is done, under this, material suitable for the further process is kept and rest idla recycled. Following this, the sorted plastic is compressed into blocks.

    Moving further, crushing of the material compressed in the previous step, is conducted along with its washing. In the sixth stage, pellets of plastic are formed, followed by the application of heat to transform these into raw material , which is then utilizes to manufacture, either plastic bottles, or bags. This process again starts with discarding of used products by people.

    Overall, it is a circular procedure, which starts again with each ending, this consists of mainly seven steps.

  19. The second portion of this task; if I write “Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that……..” instead of “Overall,” . So it will be correct ?

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