The Graph Below Shows the Proportion of the Population Aged 65 and Over

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 5 Test 1 Writing Task 1.

Proportion of population aged 65 and over

the graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over

Sample Essay

  • Cambridge IELTS 5 was published in 2006 so I assume projections start after 2006.

The line graph shows the percentages of people aged 65 and above in three countries since 1940, with projections until 2040.

Overall, while the proportions of over-65s in the US and Sweden have increased moderately, the proportion in Japan has remained essentially unchanged. However, figures in three countries are all expected to go up significantly.

The US had the oldest population in 1940, with nearly a tenth of its population aged 65 and over. This number then climbed to 15% in 1980 before staying at a plateau of roughly 14%. The plateau is forecast to last until 2018, after which there will be a sharp growth to about 23% in 2040.

In 1940, approximately 7% of Sweden’s population was 65 years and older. The percentage kept increasing, overtaking the figure in the US in around 1998. Growth is expected to continue and reach 25% by 2040.

Hovering between 3% and 5%, Japan has had a lower percentage of over-65s than the other two countries. However, the proportion is predicted to double to 10% by 2030 and soar to 27% by 2040, the highest of the three countries. (187 Words)

How to Paraphrase “Population Aged 65 and Over”

  • People aged 65 and above
  • People aged 65 and older
  • Over-65s

How to Paraphrase the Introductory Text of the Graph

All you need to do is model the introductory text of the line graph in Cambridge IELTS 9. Note the use of “since” and “with projections”.

6 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. The line graph displays the percentages of the population aged 65 and older in Japan, Sweden and USA, from 1940 to 2040.
    Overall, the proportion of elderly in all countries fluctuates from 1940 to 2040. Moreover, people who aged 65 and over in Japan increased significantly compared to the other two countries.
    Apart from 2000 to 2030, percentages of elderly in USA and Sweden rose at the same rate. For example, from 2020 to 2040, they both increase for approximately 8%. In the late 1990s, the amount of old people in both countries are equal at 14%.
    From 1940 to 2030, the fraction of people who are 65 years old and above in Japan never exceeded 10%, with constant proportion of elderly from 1960 to 1985. After 2030, the percentages rebound to the same level as USA during the early 2040s, of around 18%, after which it continues to appreciate to 27% in 2040.
    Could you please help me mark ? I would appreciate a lot!

  2. Hi! thank you for the quick response. It makes sense now 🙂 by the way, you are doing a great job, thanks a lot.

    1. Sorry for the confusion. By “I assume projections start after 2006”, I mean that I assume 2006 is the current year and we’re living in 2006. Hope it makes sense now.

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