The graph below shows the quantities of goods transported in the UK between 1974 and 2002 by four different modes of transport.
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 4 Writing Task 1.
Goods transported in UK (1974-2002)
The line graph displays how many goods were shipped in the UK between 1974 and 2002 by four different means of transport.
Overall, road remained the primary way of transport during the 28-year period. In addition, shipments increased for all modes except rail, which was essentially unchanged.
The most commonly used way of transport was road, with road freight shipments increasing significantly from about 70 million tonnes in 1974 to just below 100 million tonnes in 2002. In comparison, only about 5 million tonnes of goods were shipped by pipeline in 1974. The number then climbed considerably to approximately 22 million tonnes in around 1995 before staying at this level until 2002.
The volume of cargo transported by water showed a climb from about 40 to 65 million tonnes between 1974 and 2002, with a small dip in 1998. Rail freight shipments also started at roughly 40 million tonnes. After falling to about 30 million tonnes in around 1995, they returned to their original level by the end of the period.
How To Write the Overview
Note that in my overview paragraph, not only did I describe the overall trends (the green), I also compared which way of transport had the biggest figures (the red).
Overall, road remained the primary way of transport during the 28-year period. In addition, shipments increased for all the modes except rail, which was essentially unchanged.
How To Vary Your Language
Modes of Transport
- Means of transport
- Ways of transport
- Methods of transport
Example About 40 million tonnes of freight were transported by rail.
Example The volume of cargo shipped by water showed an overall increase.
Road freight shipments
Example Rail freight shipments were essentially unchanged.