The table below gives information about rail transport in four countries in 2007.
(On the chart, there is no measurement for the category ‘number of people using rail transport’. However, it is impossible that only 0.3 people in the US used the railway the whole year, so I assume it’s in the millions. )
The table shows data on the use of rail transport in 4 countries in 2007.
Overall, while Japan had the largest number of people using rail transport and the most passenger kilometres travelled per capita, the US shipped the highest tonnage of goods by rail.
There were more people travelling by rail in Japan, at 27 million, than there were in any of the other countries. This country also had the longest average distance of rail travel per person, at 1,980 kilometres. This was in sharp contrast with the U.S. rail network, which was used by the smallest number of people, at 0.3 million, and had the shortest distance covered per capita, at 80 kilometres. However, the US transported 2,820 billion tons of freight by rail, the most among the four countries.
The railway systems in the UK and Italy reported very similar figures. They both carried well over 5 million people, covered an average distance of 775 kilometres per head, and shipped some 22 billion tons of cargo.
With “distance”, you can use “longest”. But “passenger kilometres” is not a measurement of distance, and therefore you cannot use “longest” with it. Use ‘most’ instead.
Incorrect: Of the four countries, Japan had the longest passenger kilometres travelled per head.
Correct: Of the four countries, Japan had the most passenger kilometres travelled per head.
Correct: Of the four countries, Japan had the longest average distance of rail travel per head.
Be careful when dealing with averages. According to the table, most people in the USA didn’t travel by rail, so “each person” does not fit.
Incorrect: The US rail network had the shortest distance covered by each person.
Correct: The US rail network had the shortest distance covered per person.
How to Vary Your Language
Number of people using rail transport
-> Number of people travelling by rail
->per person/per capita