Some people believe that countries should produce the food to feed their population themselves and import as little as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
This is a reported IELTS Writing Task 2 question. Click here to see more reported questions.
Some people argue that countries should depend on domestic rather than imported produce to feed their population. I completely agree with this point of view because if they don’t, low-income people might face hunger and agricultural workers might lose their jobs.
A country’s over-reliance on global markets for food can put people on low incomes at risk of starvation. This is because it does not have complete control over the food supplied by these markets. For example, if flooding hits the rice production of Thailand and Vietnam, the two biggest rice exporters to China, its supply would decrease dramatically. The price in turn might increase to the point at which the poor would be unable to afford it. This might lead to hunger since rice is a staple food in China.
In addition, the more food a country imports, the higher the unemployment rate among its farmworkers. Countries that mainly rely on domestically grown produce to feed their population usually have a robust agricultural industry. This means there are many jobs available for farmworkers: they can be hired to grow crops or raise animals for slaughter. If these countries switched to food imports, there would be large employment losses in farming. Therefore, farmworkers would be struggling to earn an income since it is very unlikely that they have the skills needed to work in another sector.
In conclusion, countries should encourage homegrown production and not just depend on uncertain global markets for food. Otherwise, people with low incomes may suffer hunger and the jobless rates for farmworkers may rise.
How to Vary Your Language
to produce the food to feed their population
- domestic produce
- domestically grown produce
- homegrown production
to import as little as possible
- food imports
- imported produce
- not to depend on global markets for food