The chart below shows the percentage of households in owned and rented accommodation in England and Wales between 1918 and 2011.
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 13 Test 2 Writing Task 1.
Households owning and renting accommodation
in England and Wales 1918 to 2011
The bar graph displays the percentages of households that owned and rented their accommodation in England and Wales from 1918 to 2011.
Overall, while the percentage of households renting their accommodation went down, the percentage owning theirs went up over the course of this 93-year period. Before 1971, there were more renters than owners. After that, the reverse was true.
In 1918, approximately 75 percent of households lived in rented accommodation. However, this number dropped significantly to just over 30 percent in 2001 before climbing slightly to about 35 percent in 2011.
Only around a quarter of households were owner-occupiers in 1918. Nevertheless, this proportion started to increase and became the same as that of renters in 1971, at 50 percent. Ownership then continued to rise and reached its peak in 2001, at just under 70 percent. After that, it only experienced a small fall to roughly 65 percent in 2011.
How to Vary Your Language
Households in owned accommodation
- Households live in owned accommodation
- Households owning their accommodation
Households in rented accommodation
- Households lived in rented accommodation
- Households renting their accommodation
It would be a mistake to change “accommodation” to “homes”. Here “accommodation” includes houses, condos, apartments, rented shared apartments, rented rooms in someone else’s house, rented hotel rooms, boats, and every other place that people live (either renting or owning). “Home” doesn’t mean all those things.
How to Write the Overview Paragraph
I first summarized the general trends: while the percentage of households renting their accommodation decreased, the percentage owning theirs increased over the course of this 93-year period.
Then, I made a comparison: before 1971, there were more renters than owners. After that, the reverse was true.