The Chart Below Shows the Percentage of Households

Lilie King

Lilie King

Scored a 7 on the Writing Test Twice

The chart below shows the percentage of households in owned and rented accommodation in England and Wales between 1918 and 2011.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 13 Test 2 Writing Task 1.

Households owning and renting accommodation
in England and Wales 1918 to 2011

the chart below shows the percentage of households

Sample Essay

The bar graph displays the percentages of households that owned and rented their accommodation in England and Wales from 1918 to 2011.

Overall, while the percentage of households renting their accommodation went down, the percentage owning theirs went up over the course of this 93-year period. Before 1971, there were more renters than owners. After that, the reverse was true.

In 1918, approximately 75 percent of households lived in rented accommodation. However, this number dropped significantly to just over 30 percent in 2001 before climbing slightly to about 35 percent in 2011.

Only around a quarter of households were owner-occupiers in 1918. Nevertheless, this proportion started to increase and became the same as that of renters in 1971, at 50 percent. Ownership then continued to rise and reached its peak in 2001, at just under 70 percent. After that, it only experienced a small fall to roughly 65 percent in 2011.

151 Words

How to Vary Your Language

Households in owned accommodation
  • Households live in owned accommodation
  • Households owning their accommodation
  • Owners
  • Owner-occupiers
  • Ownership
Households in rented accommodation
  • Households lived in rented accommodation
  • Households renting their accommodation
  • Renters

Common Mistakes

It would be a mistake to change “accommodation” to “homes”. Here “accommodation” includes houses, condos, apartments, rented shared apartments, rented rooms in someone else’s house, rented hotel rooms, boats, and every other place that people live (either renting or owning). “Home” doesn’t mean all those things.

How to Write the Overview Paragraph

I first summarized the general trends: while the percentage of households renting their accommodation decreased, the percentage owning theirs increased over the course of this 93-year period.

Then, I made a comparison: before 1971, there were more renters than owners. After that, the reverse was true.

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One Response

  1. The bar chart gives information about the portions of households in rented and owned accommodation by English and Welsh between 1918 and 2011.

    Overall, what stands out from the graph is that the percentage of households in owned accommodation witnessed a dramatic upward trend whereas there was a substantial downward trend in the rate of households in owned accommodation during the period in question. Another interesting point is that the percentage of households in rented housing was the highest at the beginning of the period, yet at the end of the period the rate of the households in owned accommodation reached a high level.

    Looking at the specific details for the portion of households in rented accommodation, the figure stood at just under 80% in 1918. Having remained stable at just under 70% from 1939 to 1953, it had seen a significant drop of just over 30% by 2001. After that it rose marginally by approximately 4% in 2001.

    According to the percentage of households in owned accommodation, the figure started at just over 20% in 1918. Before maintaining from 1939 to 1953, it had soared by 2001, with about 32% and just under 70% respectively. But it dipped negligibly by about 6% from nearly 69% to 63% in 2001.

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