The Graph and Table Below Give Information About Water Use Worldwide

Lilie King
Written by Lilie

Scored a 7 twice in the writing test

May 22, 2022

The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 6 Test 1 Writing Task 1.

Global water use by sector

global water use by sector

Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000

the graph and table below give information about water use worldwide

Sample Essay

The line graph shows global water consumption in three different sectors between 1900 and 2000, while the table compares water use in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2000.

Overall, water consumption increased in all three sectors but agriculture consumed far more water than the other two. Brazil was a much bigger water consumer than Congo.

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Agriculture remained the most water-consuming industry. It used about 500 km3 of water in 1900 and this number increased dramatically to around 3,000 km3 in 2000. Less than 100 km3 of water was used for either industrial or residential purposes in 1900. Not until around 1950 did water consumption rise significantly, eventually reaching by 2000 roughly 1000 km3 for the former and 500 km3 for the latter.

Brazil had a population of 176 million, an irrigated land area of 26,500 km2, and a per capita water consumption of 359 m3. In comparison, the corresponding figures for Congo were only 5.2 million, 100 km2, and 8 m3. This made Brazil a much larger water user than Congo. (177 Words)

How to Describe the Biggest Category

  • Agriculture consumed far more water than the other two sectors.
  • Agriculture was the most water-consuming industry.
  • Agriculture was the largest consumer of water.


When an uncountable noun is preceded by an adjective or a phrase, it’s common to add an article. Therefore, it is correct to say “a per capita water consumption of 359m3″.

Brazil had a population of 176 million, an irrigated land area of 26,500 km2, and a per capita water consumption of 359m3.

5 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. The graph shows how the amount of water used worldwide changed between 1900 and 2000 and water consumptions of two countries compared to their population.

    Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural Purposes, and this increased dramatically from about 500 km³ to around 3,000 km³ in the year 2000. Water used in the industrial and domestic sectors also increased, but consumption was minimal until mid-century. From 1950 onwards, industrial use grew steadily to just over 1,000 km³, while domestic use rose more slowly to only 300 km³, both far below the levels of consumption by agriculture.

    The table illustrates the differences in agriculture consumption in some areas of the world by contrasting the amount of irrigated land in Brazil (26,500 km³) with that in the D.R.C. (100 km²). This means that a huge amount of water is used in agriculture in Brazil, and this is reflected in the figures for water consumption per person: 359 m³ compared with only 8 m³ in the Congo. With a population of 176 million, the figures for Brazil indicate how high agriculture water consumption can be in some countries.

  2. The given Data provides information on the How water was used globally and water consumed by different nationes.

    Overall, the demand of water has shooten up gobally and most water was used for farming. Due to high poupation size and geographical area Brazil used more amount of water as compare to congo in 2000.

    As of 1990, around 500 km water was used for agriculture which highest among all. After year 1900, the usage of water for farming drastically rised and reached to level of 3000km inyear 2000. on other hand, the usage of water started from 1940 for domestic and industrial sector. In following year, domestic purposes started consuming around 20km water and industries used almost more than double 50km water. This trend of using water skyrocketed and at the end of decade the water consumption of domestic and Industrial sector roughly peaked on levels of 300km and 1000km respectively.

    Brazil was having population 176 million and agriculture land of 26,500 km2 which was was rougly 30 times more populas and 26.5 times more farm area than of Congo. Therefore, water consumption of brazil was 359m which was approximetly 45 times more of congo.

  3. The given illustrations demonstrate international water utilization by three other industry around a hundred year and two different country’s usage in early 2000 as kilometer cube and meter cube.
    The first graph gives information about various water usage by distinct purposes that include agriculture, industrial use and private use from 1900 to 2000. According to data, agricultural usage was the highest level in given duration and two other sectors were almost same level between 1900 and 1920 after then these are changed. All kinds of consumption ceaseless climbed up but these slightly dropped around 1940. Interestingly, use of agriculture has increased the most, around by three- times but domestic use has grown by only 400 kilometer-cubes in the end of time.
    The second graph presents difference use between Latin American country (Brazil) and African country (Congo) also it related with citizen and irrigated land. The water consumption per person was 359 meter-cubes, the vice-versa it was only 8 meter-cubes in Congo. Contrastingly, People of Brazil is almost 30 times more and irrigated land of Brazil is 265 times more than Congo.
    Overall, consumption of water continuously increased specially on agriculture sector. Also, Brazil is much bigger consumer than Congo.

  4. The line chart illustrates the volume of water being used in the world for agricultural, industrial and domestic purposes between 1900 and 2000, while the table depicts water consumption on an average in Brazil and Congo in 2000. In the line chart, units are measured in kilometer cube.
    Overall, water consumption increased in all three sectors though agriculture remained dominant worldwide whilst industrial and domestic usage started mid-century and remained fairly lower as compared to the agriculture sector. Additionally, Brazil overpowered Congo by consuming 45 times more water per capita.
    In 1990, close to 500 km3 water was used for agricultural needs globally which steadily and substantially rose to over 3000 km3 in 2000 making this sector the biggest consumer. Industrial and Domestic sectors’ consumption was almost negligible until 1950 wherein the gap between the two rose, the former sector consumed close to 1000 km3 while the latter approximately 400km3 in 2000.
    Furthermore, Brazil dominated Congo in terms of average water consumption which stood at 359 m3 and 8 m3 respectively. Additionally, Brazil had 30 times more population and 265 times more irrigatable land than Congo.

  5. The graph demonstrates about the usage of water allover the world in different sectors and also illustrates that how much water is being consumed in Brazil and Democratic Republic of Congo.
    Overall, water is widely used in agriculture, rather then on other two sectors. Brazil is the major consumer of water then Democratic republic of Congo in 2000.
    Agriculture is still the major water consuming sector all around the world from 1900 to 2000, which is using water about 500 km3 in 1900 which increased drastically to about 3000km3 in 2000, while on the other hand even lest then 100km3 of water was being used by industries and for domestic use in 1900 and then use of water increased significantly in industries from 1950-2000 to 1000km3 but incase of domestic use consumption remained slightly less the 500km3.
    In 2000 Population of brazil was 176 million, an irrigated land area of 26,500 km2 and had a per capita water consumption of 359m3 which is much grater in comparison to Democratic Republic of Congo in all cases which have population of only 5.2 million, an irrigated land area of 100km2 and a per capita water consumption is 8m3.

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