The Graph and Table Below Give Information About Water Use Worldwide

The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 6 Test 1 Writing Task 1.

Global water use by sector

global water use by sector

Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000

the graph and table below give information about water use worldwide

Sample Essay

The line graph shows global water consumption in three different sectors between 1900 and 2000, while the table compares water use in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2000.

Overall, water consumption increased in all three sectors but agriculture consumed far more water than the other two. Brazil was a much bigger water consumer than Congo.

Agriculture remained the most water-consuming industry. It used about 500 km3 of water in 1900 and this number increased dramatically to around 3,000 km3 in 2000. Less than 100 km3 of water was used for either industrial or residential purposes in 1900. Not until around 1950 did water consumption rise significantly, eventually reaching by 2000 roughly 1000 km3 for the former and 500 km3 for the latter.

Brazil had a population of 176 million, an irrigated land area of 26,500 km2, and a per capita water consumption of 359 m3. In comparison, the corresponding figures for Congo were only 5.2 million, 100 km2, and 8 m3. This made Brazil a much larger water user than Congo.

177 Words

How to Describe the Biggest Category

  • Agriculture consumed far more water than the other two sectors.
  • Agriculture was the most water-consuming industry.
  • Agriculture was the largest consumer of water.

Articles

When an uncountable noun is preceded by an adjective or a phrase, it’s common to add an article. Therefore, it is correct to say “a per capita water consumption of 359m3″.

Brazil had a population of 176 million, an irrigated land area of 26,500 km2, and a per capita water consumption of 359m3.

2 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. The line chart illustrates the volume of water being used in the world for agricultural, industrial and domestic purposes between 1900 and 2000, while the table depicts water consumption on an average in Brazil and Congo in 2000. In the line chart, units are measured in kilometer cube.
    Overall, water consumption increased in all three sectors though agriculture remained dominant worldwide whilst industrial and domestic usage started mid-century and remained fairly lower as compared to the agriculture sector. Additionally, Brazil overpowered Congo by consuming 45 times more water per capita.
    In 1990, close to 500 km3 water was used for agricultural needs globally which steadily and substantially rose to over 3000 km3 in 2000 making this sector the biggest consumer. Industrial and Domestic sectors’ consumption was almost negligible until 1950 wherein the gap between the two rose, the former sector consumed close to 1000 km3 while the latter approximately 400km3 in 2000.
    Furthermore, Brazil dominated Congo in terms of average water consumption which stood at 359 m3 and 8 m3 respectively. Additionally, Brazil had 30 times more population and 265 times more irrigatable land than Congo.

  2. The graph demonstrates about the usage of water allover the world in different sectors and also illustrates that how much water is being consumed in Brazil and Democratic Republic of Congo.
    Overall, water is widely used in agriculture, rather then on other two sectors. Brazil is the major consumer of water then Democratic republic of Congo in 2000.
    Agriculture is still the major water consuming sector all around the world from 1900 to 2000, which is using water about 500 km3 in 1900 which increased drastically to about 3000km3 in 2000, while on the other hand even lest then 100km3 of water was being used by industries and for domestic use in 1900 and then use of water increased significantly in industries from 1950-2000 to 1000km3 but incase of domestic use consumption remained slightly less the 500km3.
    In 2000 Population of brazil was 176 million, an irrigated land area of 26,500 km2 and had a per capita water consumption of 359m3 which is much grater in comparison to Democratic Republic of Congo in all cases which have population of only 5.2 million, an irrigated land area of 100km2 and a per capita water consumption is 8m3.

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