The Graph Below Shows the Consumption of Fish

Lilie King
Written by Lilie

7.5 in Academic Writing

October 25, 2022

The graph below shows the consumption of fish and some different kinds of meat in a European country between 1979 and 2004.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 7 Test 2 Writing Task 1.

Fish and meat consumption

fish and meat consumption

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Sample Essay

The line graph shows the weekly per-capita consumption of fish and three other meats in a single country in Europe between 1979 and 2004.

Overall, while the consumption of both beef and lamb reduced significantly during the 25-year period, that of chicken soared. Fish consumption, on the other hand, did not change much. 

Despite a handful of large fluctuations, beef remained the most commonly consumed meat before 1989, averaging 180 to 240 grams per person per week. Consumption then dropped sharply to roughly 120 grams by the end of the period. The amount of lamb eaten every week also went into sharp decline, dropping from second place in 1979 at 150 grams to third in 2004 at roughly 70 grams. 

Chicken consumption was slightly below that of lamb in 1979, at nearly 150 grams per person per week, but surpassed it by 1980. It then skyrocketed, overtaking that of beef by 1989 and eventually reaching nearly 250 grams by 2004. In contrast, although less fish was consumed than any of the other meats throughout the period, its consumption level was fairly stable, hovering around 50 grams the entire time. (190 Words)

How to Describe the Biggest Category

  • Beef remained the most commonly consumed meat before 1989.
  • Before 1989, more beef was consumed than any of the other meats.
  • Beef consumption dropped from first place in 1979 to second in 2004. (Note it should be “from first place to second” , not “from the first place to second”)

How to Avoid Repeating ‘Per Person Per Week’

You need to first establish the context. In the first paragraph, I have “the graph shows weekly per-capita consumption”. Having established the context, you don’t necessarily need to repeat “per person per week”.

8 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. The line graph delineates fish and several types of meats eating in a European state from 1979 to 2004

    Overall, the consumption of fish was very steady whilst the eating of other kinds of meats fluctuated throughout the given period. Nonetheless, the expenditure of beef and lamb meat gradually decreased whereas the chicken witnessed a substantial increase.

    Initially in 1979, the intake of chicken and beef was around 145 grams and
    just above 200 grams respectively. This figure fluctuated and both connected in a node between 1984 and 1989, at around 200 grams. Subsequently, these amounts fluctuated whilst showing a massive resurgence from each other. Moreover, after a decade and half chicken become the most consumed per week when the beef the second in comparison with others, at approximately 250 grams and around 110 grams respectively.
    However, in 1997 lamp intake per week was 150 grams. Although this figure showed an oscillated descent during the entire period.
    In 1979, the ingestion of fish was around 60 grams weekly.
    Nevertheless, despite some slight fluctuations the quantity remained pretty much plateaued between just below 50 grams to around 60 grams per week and becomes the lowest consumed compared to others.

  2. This line chart compares between fish and same categories of meat who consumed in a European ,over a period of 25- years. As indicate on x-axis, to show the timescale display per years, on y-axis, have the number represent per Garms per person per week.
    It is vividly seen, the rate of consumption for Chicken, Beef and lamb has fluctuation. While fish had went down during the time interval.
    it clear that, at beginning of period, the rate of meat and fish came from fish and lame around roughly 60 and 150 grams. However, in same year, beef and Chicken has output 150 and 220 grams, approximately.
    Interestingly, in 2004, the Chicken produced largest number 250 gram. In contract, Fish has lowest during the period. Between 1979 to 1999, the rate of Lambe dramatically decreased. from150 to 50 grams. On other word, the rate fish was remaining constant at 50 grams in same period.
    To sum up, the line chart has shown a quite significant difference in fish and meat consumption among various in Chiken,Beef,Lame and Fish.

  3. Dear Lilie,
    1.At the phrase: ,but surpassed it by 1980, I think it should be 1988. Because at 1980 the chicken usage is still below than beef. Would you explain it for me?
    2. At ‘It then skyrocketed…….. ‘. What are the verbs of overtaking and reaching?
    Thanks for your help!

    1. Hi, thanks for your comments.
      1. In “surpassed it”, “it” refers to lamb consumption, not beef consumption. That sentence doesn’t even mention beef.
      2. The clause containing “overtaking” and “reaching” is called a participle clause. See if this article helps.

      1. tks teacher, can you help me one more question when we use “in 1989” and “by 1989” ?

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