The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development.
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 12 Test 6 Writing Task 1.
Islip town centre now
Islip town centre: planned development
The maps display the current layout of the center of a small town, Islip, and how it is planned to develop it.
Overall, the town center is to be brought up-to-date, with the construction of some modern facilities and more housing.
There is a main road running east-west through the town center. This road has two side roads, one leading to the school southwest of the town center and the other to the park in the southeast. While the main road is to be pedestrianized, the two side roads are to be turned into a dual carriageway, extending to the countryside north of the town center.
All the shops north of the main road are to be demolished to make room for a shopping center, which is to have a car park and bus station nearby. There are also plans to build some new housing northeast of the main road.
To the south of the main road are some shops and housing. The shops are to remain unchanged, whereas the housing is to be relocated. Lastly, some parts of the park are going to be cleared so that new residential buildings can be built, and an extension is planned for the school.
This is just a planned development, which means it can be just an idea that has not yet advanced to the stage of being definite. We should really use the simple future only if there is no possibility of the plans not being implemented. That’s why I used “be to + infinitive”: all the shops north of the main road are to be demolished. Click here to learn more about this construction.
How to Use the Word “Plan”
Since this is a planned development, we can use the word “plan”. But note that Sentence 1 is incorrect because the school is not planned; it already exists; an extension is planned.
The school is planned to be extended.
Correct: There are plans to extend the school.
Correct: An extension to the school is planned.