The Bar Chart Below Shows the Top Ten Countries for the Production and Consumption of Electricity

The bar chart below shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 13 Test 3 Writing Task 1.

the bar chart below shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity

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The bar graph displays the ten countries that produced and consumed the largest amounts of electricity in 2014.

Overall, China and the United States led in both electricity output and use. Generation exceeded consumption in all the countries except Germany. 

At 5,398 and 5,322 billion kWh, China generated and used more power than any of the other countries. The United States was the second-largest producer and consumer of power, at 4,099 and 3,866 billion kWh respectively.

Of the other eight countries, Russia was the only country whose output and consumption were over 1,000 billion kWh, at 1,057 and 1,038 billion kWh respectively. In comparison, the corresponding figures for the Republic of Korea were only 485.1 and 449.5 billion kWh, making it the smallest electricity-producing and consuming country. 

In terms of Japan, India, Canada, France, Brazil, and Germany, their outputs ranged from 526 to 937 billion kWh while their usages ranged from 455 to 857 billion kWh. It is also noteworthy that Germany was the only country that used more power than it generated, at 582.5 and 526.6 kWh respectively.

190 Words

How to Paraphrase “Production of Electricity”

Note that once you’ve established the context in your introduction paragraph, you can omit ‘electricity’ and just use ‘production’ or ‘consumption’.

Example:     Generation exceeded consumption in all the countries except Germany.

How to Paraphrase “consumption of electricity”

  • Electricity consumption 
  • Electricity use
  • To consume electricity 
  • To use electricity 
  • Consumer of electricity 
  • Electricity-consuming country 

Note that you can use “power” to avoid repeating “electricity” too many times.

How to Avoid writing Too many words

The key is to group together Japan, India, Canada, France, Brazil, and Germany. Please read the last paragraph to see how I added data for these six countries.

14 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. The given bar chart illustrates the information about how much electricity produced and consumed in ten different countries I’m 2014. Please let me know if there is any mistake in my introduction.

  2. The bar chart gives information about the ten most electricity producing and consuming countries around the world in 2014. Please, evaluate my intro. Is this ok? Thanks in advance.

  3. Hi
    Thanks for your excellent essay.
    I think it would better to write “with 5398 anf 5322 billion KWh” than “at 5398 and 5322 billion KWh”.

  4. Hi Lilie,
    Hope this massage finds you great.
    In other context, I usually see that the comma is used before the “respectively” when coming at the end of the sentence. But you did not use it at all. Could you explain why?

    1. It can be used with or without a comma. There is already a comma before the word “at”. You don’t want too many commas.

  5. Dear Lilie,
    I am thanful for every thing you have taught me.
    I have an question and one point about this report.

    1. I suppose “the largest amounts of electricity” is wrong and it must be changed to ” the largest amounts of electricity”. I think the “s” is redundant. So, please correct me if I am wrong?

    2. would it better to use “however” instead of “In comparison” in the report? This is because the two sentence show the contrast.

    Warmest regards,

    1. Hi, Masoud. Thanks for your question.

      1. In this blog post, you asked a similar question and I already explained to you why the plural instead of the singular is used. It’s the same here:

      a. The AMOUNT of electricity produced in China WAS X billion kW. (There is only one value (China’s value) and so the singular “amount” is used.)
      b. The AMOUNTS of electricity produced in China and Japan WERE X and y billion kW respectively. (There are two values (China’s and Japan’s values) and so the plural “amounts” is used.)

      2. “However” doesn’t work in that sentence. “However” expresses a comparison that contains a suggestion of the difference being unexpected. The difference in this case is not at all unexpected. Russia is rich in oil. It’s no surprise that it produced more electricity than Korea.

  6. I gave up after reaching half of my essay. Because I was just listing countries from top to bottom. I want to say that the way you grouped the data is wonderful

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