UK Telephone Calls by Category IELTS

The chart below shows the total number of minutes (in billions) of telephone calls in the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Writing Task 1.

UK telephone calls, by category, 1995-2002

uk telephone calls by category ielts

Sample Essay

The bar graph displays total call duration in the UK by category from 1995 to 2002.

Overall, while local calls made over landlines remained the most common calls during the 7-year period, it was mobile calls that showed the greatest increase.

Nearly 75 billion minutes were spent on fixed-line local calls in 1995. This number then climbed to a maximum of 90 billion minutes in 1999 before returning to its original level by 2002. Despite the decrease, this type of call was more common than the other two types throughout the entire period.

National and international calls made from landlines were the second biggest category. Their figure rose steadily from roughly 35 to 60 billion minutes over the period. In comparison, only a total of about 5 billion minutes of calls were made on mobiles in 1995. This number first rose slowly to 10 billion minutes in 1998 and then soared to 45 billion minutes in 2002. Even though mobile calls were the least common calls over the period, the gap between these and the other two types of calls had narrowed by the end of the period.

188 Words

How to Understand the Three Categories (Very Important❗Please read on❗)

The graph classifies calls into two categories: those made from mobile phones, and those made from fixed lines (also called landlines). These landline calls are further subdivided into local calls and national or international calls. The first category is local calls made over fixed lines. The second category is national and international (i.e. non-local) calls made over fixed lines. The third category is calls made on mobiles and these calls include both local and non-local ones.

How to Vary Your Language

  • About 75 billion minutes of local calls were made over/from landlines in 1995. (fixed lines=landlines)
  • About 75 billion minutes were spent on fixed-line local calls in 1995.
  • The amount of time spent on fixed-line local calls in 1995 was about 75 billion minutes.
  • Only a total of roughly 5 billion minutes of calls were made on mobiles in 1995
  • Total mobile call duration increased significantly from 1999 to 2002.

6 CommentsLeave A Comment

  1. I’m incredibly grateful that I’ve found your website, it has helped me a lot I can’t thank you enough !
    In the report it’s written 7-year period, but isn’t it an 8-year period? cuz we are starting from 1995.

    1. Hi, thank you very much for your comments. To figure it out, you can ask yourself this question: Is the period from the end of 1995 to the end of 1996 a 1-year or 2-year period? Hope this helps.

  2. Pls permit me to post my answer here.
    The giving chart gives information about the number(in billions) of UK telephone calls, by local-fixed line, national and international -fixed line and mobile, from 1995-2002.

    Overall, local fixed line is the most significant line used over the years.

    In 1995, the number of calls made with local fixed line were around 72billions, however,this trend gradually increase within 3years and remainded steady between 1998 and 1999 with 90billion calls. In addition, this trend,starts to decline steadily till 2002 where the number reaches just above 70billion calls. In comparison with the calls made with national and international-fixed line,and mobiles in 1995, the first has 36billion calls whereas the later has about 3billion calls. The calls in national and international fixed line steadily increases till 2001 were the number reaches 60 billions. This therefore, remainded steady till 2002, while the amount of calls with mobiles increase over the years and excalated in 2021 with just below 40billons, and then significantly increases with about 5billion in 2002.

  3. The given line chart illustrates the length of phone calls is measured in billion minutes across the UK in just three categories, namely local with fixed lines, national and international with fixed lines, and mobile during the years between 1995 until 2002.
    Overall, it is clear that the most significant number of the calls was local through the entire period, as opposed to the lowest ones as mobile calls. Additionally, during the year, the primary trend of local calls decreased slowly; however, the desire of people to make other types of calls increased gradually.
    In terms of local calls, it started from slightly above 70 billion in 1995, then hit a high of 90 billion in 1999 and after that with a small dip reached at the original level by 2002.
    Regarding international calls and mobile ones, they stood at near 35 and 5 in 1995, respectively. The fixed-line usage for national calls topped at about 60 billion in the following seven years, while making calls by mobiles peaked at roughly 45 in 2002.

    1. Hi, I think you misread the graph. For example, in your overview, you wrote “the most significant number of the calls was local through the entire period”. However, this biggest category does not include local calls made on mobiles. It’s only about local calls made from fixed lines. Please read the “how to understand the graph” part. Hope it helps.

      1. Thanks for your advice.
        I want to prevent overusing the “fixed line” so I deleted it and mentioned it just in the first paragraph.

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