The table below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities.
This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 5 Test 4 Writing Task 1.
Underground Railway Systems
The table presents data on the underground railway networks in six cities.
Overall, the three oldest systems, in London, Paris and Tokyo, have longer routes and carry many more passengers every year than the three in Washington DC, Kyoto and Los Angeles.
Opening in 1863 and covering 394 kilometers, London’s is the oldest and longest of the systems in the six cities. Railway systems opened in Paris in 1900 and Tokyo in 1927. Even though they are less than 200 kilometers long, they have the largest annual passenger numbers, at 1927 million for Tokyo and 1191 million for Paris.
Kyoto and Los Angeles were the last two of these cities to have their own railway networks. These two networks also have the shortest routes, at 11 and 28 kilometers respectively, and are used by the smallest numbers of passengers per year, at 45 and 50 million respectively. Compared with the two networks mentioned above, the one in Washington DC is relatively long, at 126 kilometers, and has a relatively large yearly passenger count, at 144 million. (176 Words)
How to Write the Overview
Version 2 is better than Version 1 because it covers all six cities, whereas Version 1 only mentions 2 of them.
Overall, while London’s is the oldest and the longest of the systems in the six cities, Tokyo’s has the largest annual passenger numbers. 👎👎👎
Overall, the three oldest systems, in London, Paris and Tokyo, have longer routes and carry many more passengers every year than the three in Washington DC, Kyoto and Los Angeles. 👍👍👍
How to Report the Biggest Numbers
You could say, for example, the railway system in Tokyo has largest yearly passenger numbers and the one in Paris has the second largest. But when there is a lot of data, it’s better to group them together and simply say that railway systems in Tokyo and Paris have the largest passenger numbers. You could also use this method to report Kyoto and Los Angeles. Note I didn’t say that which one is the smallest and which one is the second smallest. I simply said they both are the smallest.
How to Group Data
This chart has a lot of data. If you describe the six cities one by one, you may end up writing too many words. Note how I grouped Paris and Tokyo together in the third paragraph, and Kyoto and Los Angeles together in the fourth paragraph.