Percentage of Water Used for Different Purposes in Six Areas of the World

Lilie King

Lilie King

Scored a 7 on the Writing Test Twice

The charts below show the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.

This essay question is from Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 1 Writing Task 1.

percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world

Sample Essay

The pie charts display water consumption for different purposes in six parts of the world.

Overall, agriculture is the largest consumer of water in Central Asia, Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America, while industry consumes more water than other sectors in Europe and North America.

In Central Asia, Africa and Southeast Asia, a significant proportion of water is used by agriculture, at 88, 84, and 81 percent respectively. By contrast, in none of these three areas are the proportions of water consumed by industrial or domestic users as high as 10%; the exception is Southeast Asia where industrial use reaches 12 percent.

At 71%, South America uses proportionally less agricultural water than the three areas mentioned above. However, it has the greatest proportion of residential water use of the six areas, at 19 percent.

In comparison, industry accounts for the greatest proportion of water consumption in Europe and North America, at 53 and 48 percent respectively. Households, by contrast, are the smallest user of water in these two parts of the world, at 15 percent in Europe and 13 percent in North America.

How to Group Data

I grouped the last three areas in a paragraph because their agricultural water uses are all more than 80 percent. Then, I talked about their industrial and domestic uses are all small and also pointed out the last area is an exception

For the second area, I talked about how it is different from the others.

Difference 1: It uses proportionally less agricultural water than the last three areas.
Difference 2: it has the highest percentage of domestic use of all six areas.

Lastly, I grouped the first and third areas in a paraphrase because in these two areas industry is the biggest user of water.

How to Vary Your Language

domestic use:
  • residential use/consumption

Example     Households account for the smallest proportion of water consumption in Europe.

  • household

Example     Households account for the smallest proportion of water consumption in Europe.

Example     Households consume less water than other sectors in Europe.

water use:
  • water consumption

Example     Industry accounts for the greatest proportion of water consumption in Europe.

  • consumer /user of water

Example     Industry is the largest consumer of water in Europe.

  • to consume/use water

Example     In Europe, industry consumes more water than other sectors.

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